Isro’s mom captures image of Mars’ largest moon, Phobos

According to ISRO, “the violent phase that Phobos encountered is seen in the large section dug during a past collision (Stickney crater) and the bouncing ejecta”.

By Press Trust of India | Posted by Anubha Rohatgi | Bengaluru

UPDATE JUL 03, 2020, 10:46 p.m. IST

The Mars Color Camera (MCC) aboard ISRO’s Mars Orbiter mission captured the image of Phobos, the closest and largest moon to Mars.

The image was taken on July 1 when MOM was approximately 7,200 km from Mars and 4,200 km from Phobos.

“The spatial resolution of the image is 210 m.

This is a composite image generated from 6 MCC images and has been color corrected, ”ISRO said in an update with the image.

It is largely believed that Phobos is made up of carbonaceous chondrites.

According to ISRO, “the violent phase that Phobos encountered is seen in the large section dug during a past collision (Stickney crater) and the bouncing ejecta”.

“Stickney, the largest crater in Phobos along with the other craters (Shklovsky, Roche and Grildrig) are also visible in this image,” he said.

The mission, also known as Mangalyaan, was initially supposed to last six months, but afterwards ISRO said it had enough fuel to last “for many years.” The country had, on September 24, 2014, successfully placed the Mars Orbiter Mission spacecraft in orbit around the Red Planet, in its very first attempt, thus becoming part of an elite club.

ISRO launched the spacecraft during its nine-month odyssey on a local PSLV rocket from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh on November 5, 2013.

It had escaped the Earth’s gravitational field on December 1, 2013.

The Rs 450 crore MOM mission aims to study the Martian surface and mineral composition as well as scan its atmosphere for methane (an indicator of life on Mars).

The Mars Orbiter has five scientific instruments: Lyman Alpha Photometer (LAP), Mars Methane Sensor (MSM), Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyzer (MENCA), Mars Color Camera (MCC) and the thermal infrared imaging spectrometer (TIS).

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