India celebrates National Immunization Day, also known as National Immunization Day (NID), on March 16 each year. That day the government is creating an awareness campaign and helping people realize the importance of vaccinations. As citizens, people should also do their part and help uneducated people realize the importance of vaccinations.
History and why National Immunization Day is celebrated in India
National Immunization Day was first celebrated on March 16, 1995. On that day, the first dose of oral polio vaccine was administered in India in 1995. The initiative to eradicate polio in India began with the Pulse Polio campaign launched by the government.
As part of this large program, 2 drops of oral polio vaccine were given to all children under 5 years of age. In India, the last case of polio patients was reported on January 13, 2011.
On March 27, 2014, India was certified as a polio-free country along with 11 other countries in the Southeast Asia region of the World Health Organization (WHO). These countries were Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste and Thailand.
Importance and why vaccination is important
Vaccination is the process by which a person becomes immune or resistant to an infectious disease, usually through the administration of a vaccine. Vaccination helps protect the child from life-threatening illnesses. It also helps reduce the spread of disease to others. Vaccines stimulate the body’s immune system to protect the person from infection or subsequent disease. Babies are born with some natural immunity that they get from their mothers through breastfeeding. This immunity gradually wanes as the baby’s immune system begins to develop. Immunization is one of the most profitable health investments, and immunization does not require any major lifestyle changes.
According to the WHO, vaccination is a proven tool for controlling and eliminating life-threatening infectious diseases and is estimated to prevent between 2 and 3 million deaths each year, but an estimated 18.7 million infants around the world still do not have access to basic vaccines.