Fatal but curable infectious disease

Tuberculosis infection is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Tuberculosis or TB is an infectious disease that mainly affects the lungs. The bacteria are usually spread to people when an infected person sneezes or coughs, which is why it is essential to diagnose TB in a timely manner and seek immediate medical attention. Let’s see how the disease can be treated in time …

Tuberculosis infection is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This will impact the lungs, but can also impact other parts of his body, as well as the lymph nodes, brain, kidneys, intestines, or bones.

According to the India Tuberculosis Report 2020, 79,144 tuberculosis deaths were reported in 2019. According to the World Tuberculosis Report 2020, the tuberculosis incidence rate in India is 193 per 1 lakh population, with the total number of cases estimated at 26.40,000. Catching the disease early and treating it accordingly is essential.

Common symptoms

Some common symptoms are fatigue, loss of appetite, constant cough, fever, night sweating, cough with thick mucus, and even coughing up blood.

Symptoms may seem mild for a few months and then increase dramatically. Thus, delaying treatment may increase your risk of spreading the infection. Therefore, go for testing immediately after noticing the symptoms.

Diagnostic

The diagnosis of TB can be made by taking a sample of the lining. A patient may be asked for a sputum sample test. In addition, people may also be asked to undergo an x-ray, blood test, or even a sputum smear microscopy to check the prevalence of tuberculosis.

Curable disease

Tuberculosis is curable if it is treated with the combination drug for at least six months.
If a person does not seek appropriate treatment or even follow the instructions given by the doctor, the TB bacteria may get stronger and symptoms may return, which is called drug-resistant TB. This drug-resistant tuberculosis can be serious.

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) is a form caused by bacteria that do not respond to two of the more powerful drugs. Treatment options for MDR-TB are limited and expensive.

If a person has TB infection and the symptoms are not visible, it is latent TB. Then the person is at risk of getting tuberculosis in the near future. Thus, it is advisable to only take treatment for a short time to stop the infection and to talk to a nutritionist about what foods to include and what to exclude from the diet.

Tuberculosis is caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Tuberculosis most commonly affects the lungs
2019 saw 10 million new cases of tuberculosis, 1.2 million deaths and 4.65,000 cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
World Tuberculosis Day is celebrated every year on March 24.
The theme for World TB Day 2021 is ‘The clock is ticking’


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