Covid-19: percentage of young people infected in the second identical wave, but more serious | India News

NEW DELHI: The age profile of people infected with Covid-19 during the second wave remains virtually unchanged from the first one last year, although a higher need for oxygen was observed in those hospitalized patients, as more people came to report shortness of breath, health officials said.
Contrary to perceptions that more younger people are infected in Wave 2 given their higher mobility, officials cited surveillance data from the Centre’s Integrated Disease Surveillance Program (IDSP), which shows that around 32% of patients (inpatients and out of hospitals) were under 30 in the second wave, compared to 31% in the first wave. In people aged 30 to 40 years, the incidence of infection remains unchanged at 21% during the two waves.
In the case of hospitalized patients, the youngest (0-39 years) are slightly more vulnerable in the second wave compared to the first despite the opening of economic activities and the general movement. About 5.8% of hospitalized patients are between 0 and 19 years old, compared to 4.2% in the first wave. Similarly, hospitalized cases in the 20-39 age group increased to 25.5% against 23.7% earlier.

About 70% of the patients hospitalized in the two waves are 40 years and older, indicating that the elderly continue to be more vulnerable.
The data also show that a higher proportion of asymptomatic patients were admitted to hospitals in the second wave with more complaints of shortness of breath. The percentage of deaths among hospitalized patients remains unchanged in the second wave interim analysis carried out on 1,885 people in March-April. The analysis of the first wave was carried out on 7,600 people in September-November 2020.

According to the analysis of Covid-19 hospital patients by the Indian Council of Medical Research, 47.5% of patients reported shortness of breath in the second wave, compared to 41.7% in the first wave, explaining the recent rise oxygen demand.
A total of 41.1% of patients during the first wave required oxygen, the share rising to 54.5% in the second, shows the demographic study based on data collected at 40 centers across the country. It also found that 37.3% of hospital patients required mechanical ventilation in the second wave, compared to 27.8% in the first wave.
Almost 55% of patients in the first wave had at least one comorbidity. However, during the second wave, the share of these patients fell to 48.6%.